COMENZI Windows 2000 Server

 

TCP/IP Utilities

 

 arp                        nslookup

 finger                   ping

 ftp                          rcp

 hostname              rexec

 ipconfig                route

 lpq                         rsh

 lpr                          tftp

 nbtstat                   tracert

 netstat  

 

TCP/IP Services

 

 net start dhcp client                                           net start simple tcp/ip services

 net start ftp server                                             net start snmp

 net start lpdsvc                                                    net start tcp/ip netbios helper

 net start microsoft dhcp server                       net start windows internet name service

 

The TCP/IP utilities offer network connections to non-Microsoft computers such as UNIX workstations. You must have the TCP/IP network protocol installed to use the TCP/IP utilities.

       

 net (command options)

 

 net accounts        Server roles cannot be set. Windows NT security controls lockout.

 net computer        This new command allows you to add or delete computers from a domain database. This command is available only on computers running Windows NT Server.

 net continue         Use printer property sheets to control printing. See net pause in this table for the list of pausable services that can be continued.

 net file                   Displays the names of all open shared files on a server

 net group              Adds, displays, or modifies global groups on Windows NT Server. Net group manages global groups and is only for computers that are members of a domain.

 net help

 net helpmsg         Displays help about a network error message

 net localgroup     This new command manages local groups.

 net name

 net pause              You can pause these network services: file server for macintosh and remoteboot (Windows NT Server only), ftp publishing service, lpdsvc, net logon, network dde, network dde dsdm, nt lm security support provider, remote access server, schedule, server, simple tcp/ip services, or workstation.Use printer property sheets to manage printers

net print                 Use printer property sheets to manage printers. (Right-click on a printer and click Properties.)

net send                 Sending files is not supported. The /broadcast switch is not supported.

net share                Remote administration is automatic. Use printer property sheets to share printers. Comm queues are not supported in this release. Creates, deletes, or displays shared resources

 net session

 net statistics        Displays the statistics log. Peer functionality is an inherent part of Windows NT and no longer requires separate commands. The statistics log cannot be cleared.

 net stop                You can stop all network services except eventlog. See net start for a list of services that can be started and stopped.

 net time

 net use                  The /persistent switch has only yes and no values. Comm queues are not supported in this release. You can use NetWare volumes.

 net user                 Switches /logonserver, /maxstorage, /operator, and /privilege are not supported

 net view                Displays a list of servers or shared server resources. New switch /domain permits viewing of domains and viewing of computers in a specified domain

 

net config              Peer functionality is inherent to Windows NT. Separate commands, such as net config peer are no longer required.

net config server                  Most network services are self-configuring. The switches /autodisconnect, /srvcomment, and /hidden can be configured. The switch /srvhidden is now /hidden.

net config workstation        Most network services are self-configuring. The switches /charcount, /chartime, and /charwait can be configured.

 

 

net start                 You can start these network services: alerter, client service for netware, clipbook server, computer browser, dhcp client, directory replicator, eventlog, ftp publishing service, lpdsvc, messenger, net logon, network dde, network dde dsdm, network monitor agent, nt lm security support provider, ole, remote access connection manager, remote access isnsap service, remote access server, remote procedure call (rpc) locator, remote procedure call (rpc) service, schedule, server, simple tcp/ip services, snmp, spooler, tcp/ip netbios helper, ups, and workstation.

These services are available only on Windows NT Server: file server for macintosh, gateway service for netware, microsoft dhcp server, print server for macintosh, remoteboot, windows internet name service. Note that services can be configured to start automatically.

net start alerter                       Self-configuring.

net start eventlog                   This new service logs any significant system, security, and application occurrences that require users to be notified.

net start messenger               Self-configuring.

net start net logon Self-configuring.

net start directory replicator Use Server Manager to configure the Replicator service.

net start server                       Use Server Manager to configure the Server service.

net start snmp                         New options permit logging.

net start workstation             The Workstation is configured at setup and in various applications.

 

 nslookup

 nbtstat

 netstat

 ipconfig

 hostname

 ipxroute                                New command supports routing for the NWLink protocol on a token-ring network

 at                            In addition to local scheduling, you can remotely schedule events on a computer.

 route

 

Ipconfig

 

This diagnostic command displays all current TCP/IP network configuration values. This command is of particular use on systems running DHCP, allowing users to determine which TCP/IP configuration values have been configured by DHCP.

ipconfig [/all | /renew [adapter] | /release [adapter]]

 

Parameters

 

all

Produces a full display. Without this switch, ipconfig displays only the IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway values for each network card.

renew [adapter]

Renews DHCP configuration parameters. This option is available only on systems running the DHCP Client service. To specify an adapter name, type the adapter name that appears when you use ipconfig without parameters.

release [adapter]

Releases the current DHCP configuration. This option disables TCP/IP on the local system and is available only on DHCP clients. To specify an adapter name, type the adapter name that appears when you use ipconfig without parameters.

 

With no parameters, the ipconfig utility presents all of the current TCP/IP configuration values to the user, including IP address and subnet mask. This utility is especially useful on systems running DHCP, allowing users to determine which values have been configured by DHCP.

 

Hostname

 

Prints the name of the current computer (host). This command is available only if the TCP/IP protocol has been installed.

 

Ipxroute

 

Displays and modifies information about the routing tables used by the IPX protocol. The command has different options for IPX routing and for source routing. Separate all options with spaces.

 

IPX Routing Options

 

ipxroute servers [/type=x]

ipxroute stats [/show] [/clear]

ipxroute table

 

Parameters

 

servers [/type=x]

Displays the SAP table for the specified server type. x is an integer. For example, /type=4 displays all file servers. If no /type is specified, then servers of all types are shown. The list is sorted by server name.

stats [/show] [/clear]

Displays or clears IPX router interface statistics. /show is the default. /clear clears the statistics.

table

Displays the IPX routing table, sorted by network number.

 

Source Routing Optionsipxroute board=n [clear] [def] [gbr] [mbr] [remove=xxxxx]

ipxroute config

 

Parameters

 

board=n

Specifies the network adapter card for which to query or set parameters.

clear

Clears the source routing table

def

Sends packets to the ALL ROUTES broadcast. If a packet is transmitted to a unique mac address that is not in the source routing table, the default is to send the packet to the SINGLE ROUTES broadcast.

gbr

Sends packets to the ALL ROUTES broadcast. If a packet is transmitted to the broadcast address (FFFFFFFFFFFF), the default is to send the packet to the SINGLE ROUTES broadcast.

 

mbr

Sends packets to the ALL ROUTES broadcast. If a packet is transmitted to a multicast address (C000xxxxxxxx), the default is to send the packet to the SINGLE ROUTES broadcast.

remove=xxxxx

Removes the given node address from the source routing table.

config

Displays information on all the bindings for which IPX is configured.

 

 

Nbtstat

 

This dianostic command displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT (NetBIOS over TCP/IP). This command is available only if the TCP/IP protocol has been installed.

nbtstat [-a remotename] [-A IP address] [-c] [-n] [-R] [-r] [-S] [-s] [interval]

 

Parameters

 

-a remotename

Lists the remote computer's name table using its name.

-A IP address

Lists the remote computer's name table using its IP address.

-c

Lists the contents of the NetBIOS name cache giving the IP address of each name.

-n

Lists local NetBIOS names. Registered indicates that the name is registered by broadcast (Bnode) or WINS (other node types).

-R

Reloads the LMHOSTS file after purging all names from the NetBIOS name cache.

-r

Lists name resolution statistics for Windows networking name resolution. On a Windows NT computer configured to use WINS, this option returns the number of names resolved and registered via broadcast or via WINS.

 

-S

Displays both client and server sessions, listing the remote computers by IP address only.

-s

Displays both client and server sessions. It attempts to convert the remote computer IP address to a name using the HOSTS file.

interval

Redisplays selected statistics, pausing interval seconds between each display. Press CTRL+C to stop redisplaying statistics. If this parameter is omitted, nbstat prints the current configuration information once.

 

More Information About Nbtstat

 Nbtstat—Notes

 

Netstat

 

Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP network connections. This command is available only if the TCP/IP protocol has been installed.

netstat [-a] [-e] [-n] [-s] [-p protocol] [-r] [interval]

 

Parameters

 

-a

Displays all connections and listening ports; server connections are normally not shown.

-e

Displays Ethernet statistics. This may be combined with the -s option.

-n

Displays addresses and port numbers in numerical form (rather than attempting name look-ups).

-s

Displays per-protocol statistics. By default, statistics are shown for TCP, UDP, ICMP, and IP; the -p option may be used to specify a subset of the default.

-p protocol

 

Shows connections for the protocol specified by proto; proto may be tcp or udp

. If used with the -s option to display per-protocol statistics, proto may be tcp, udp, icmp, or ip.

-r

Displays the contents of the routing table.

interval

Redisplays selected statistics, pausing interval seconds between each display. Press CTRL+C to stop redisplaying statistics. If this parameter is omitted, netstat prints the current configuration information once.

 

More Information About Netstat

 Netstat—Notes

 

Netstat--Notes

 

The Netstat utility provides statistics on the following network components.

Foreign Address

The IP address and port number of the remote computer to which the socket is connected. The name corresponding to the IP address is shown instead of the number if the HOSTS file contains an entry for the IP address. In cases where the port is not yet established, the port number is shown as an asterisk (*).

Local Address

The IP address of the local computer, as well as the port number the connection is using. The name corresponding to the IP address is shown instead of the number if the HOSTS file contains an entry for the IP address. In cases where the port is not yet established, the port number is shown as an asterisk (*).

 

Proto

The name of the protocol used by the connection.

(state)

Indicates the state of TCP connections only. The possible states are

 

CLOSED                FIN_WAIT_1       SYN_RECEIVED

CLOSE_WAIT     FIN_WAIT_2       SYN_SEND

ESTABLISHED    LISTEN  TIMED_WAIT

LAST_ACK                         

 

Nslookup

 

This diagnostic tool displays information from Domain Name System (DNS) name servers. Before using this tool, you should be familiar with how DNS works. Nslookup is available only if the TCP/IP protocol has been installed.

nslookup [-option ...] [computer-to-find | - [server]]

 

Modes

 

Nslookup has two modes: interactive and non-interactive.

If you only need to look up a single piece of data, use non-interactive mode. For the first argument, type the name or IP address of the computer to be looked up. For the second argument, type the name or IP address of a DNS name server. If you omit the second argument, the default DNS name server will be used.

If you need to look up more than one piece of data, you can use interactive mode. Type a hyphen (-) for the first argument and the name or IP address of a DNS name server for the second argument. Or, omit both arguments (the default DNS name server will be used).

 

Parameters

 

-option ...

Specifies one or more nslookup commands as a command-line option. For a list of commands, see Nslookup Commands. Each option consists of a hyphen (-) followed immediately by the command name and, in some cases, an equal sign (=) and then a value. For example, to change the default query type to host (computer) information and the initial timeout to 10 seconds, you would type:

nslookup -querytype=hinfo -timeout=10

The command line length must be less than 256 characters.

 

computer-to-find

Look up information for computer-to-find using the current default server or using server if specified. If computer-to-find is an IP address and the query type is A or PTR, the name of the computer is returned. If computer-to-find is a name and does not have a trailing period, the default DNS domain name is appended to the name. (This behavior depends on the state of the set options: domains, srchlist, defname, and search.) To look up a computer not in the current DNS domain, append a period to the name.

 

If you type a hyphen (-) instead of computer-to-find, the command prompt changes to nslookup interactive mode.

server

Use this server as the DNS name server. If you omit server, the default DNS name server is used.

More Information About Nslookup

 Nslookup Commands

 Nslookup Notes

 

Nslookup Commands

 

 Nslookup:  help

 Nslookup:  exit

 Nslookup:  finger

 Nslookup:  ls

 Nslookup:  lserver

 Nslookup:  root

 Nslookup:  server

 Nslookup:  set

 Nslookup:  set all

 Nslookup:  set cl[ass]

 

 Nslookup:  set [no]deb[ug]

 Nslookup:  set [no]d2

 Nslookup:  set [no]def[name]

 Nslookup:  set do[main]

 Nslookup:  set [no]ig[nore]

 Nslookup:  set po[rt]

 Nslookup:  set q[uerytype]

 Nslookup:  set [no]rec[urse]

 Nslookup:  set ret[ry]

 

 Nslookup:  set ro[ot]

 Nslookup:  set [no]sea[rch]

 Nslookup:  set srchl[ist]

 Nslookup:  set ti[meout]

 Nslookup:  set ty[pe]

 Nslookup:  set [no]v[c]

 Nslookup:  view

Route

 

Manipulates network routing tables. This command is available only if the TCP/IP protocol has been installed.

route [-f] [-p] [command [destination] [mask subnetmask] [gateway] [metric costmetric]]

 

Parameters

 

-f

Clears the routing tables of all gateway entries. If this is used in conjunction with one of the commands, the tables are cleared prior to running the command.

-p

When used with the ADD command, makes a route persistent across boots of the system. By default, routes are not preserved when the system is restarted. When used with the PRINT command, displays the list of registered persistent routes. Ignored for all other commands, which always affect the appropriate persistent routes.

 

Command              Purpose

print                        Prints a route

add                         Adds a route

delete                     Deletes a route

change                   Modifies an existing route

destination            Specifies the computer to send command.

mask subnetmask Specifies a subnet mask to be associated with this route entry. If not specified, 255.255.255.255 is used.

gateway                 Specifies gateway.

All symbolic names used for destination or gateway are looked up in the network and computer name database files NETWORKS and HOSTS, respectively. If the command is print or delete, wildcards may be used for the destination and gateway, or the gateway argument may be omitted.

 

metric costmetric

Assigns an integer cost metric (ranging from 1 to 9999) to be used in calculating the fastest, most reliable, and/or least expensive routes.

 

Commands/ Command Reference

A

Arp

Atmadm

 

C

Chcp

Cipher

 

E

Evntcmd

 

F

Finger

Ftp

Ftp commands

H

Hostname

I

Ipconfig

Ipxroute

Irftp

 

 

N

Nbtstat

Net (command options)

Net accounts

Net computer

Net config

Net config server

Net config workstation

Net continue

Net file

Net group

Net help

Net helpmsg

Net localgroup

Net name

Net pause

Net print

Net send

Net session

Net share

Net start

Net start Alerter

Net start Client Service for NetWare

Net start ClipBook Server

Net start Computer Browser

Net start DHCP Client

Net start Directory Replicator

Net start Eventlog

Net start File Server for Macintosh

Net start FTP Publishing Service

Net start Gateway Service for NetWare

Net start Lpdsvc

Net start Messenger

Net start Microsoft DHCP Service

Net start Net Logon

Net start Network DDE

Net start NT LM Security Support Provider

Net start OLE

Net start Print Server for Macintosh

Net start Remote Access Connection Manager

Net start Remote Access ISNSAP Service

Net start Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locator

Net start Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Service

Net start Schedule

Net start Server

Net start Simple TCP/IP Services

Net start Site Server LDAP Service

Net start SNMP

Net start Spooler

Net start TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper

Net start UPS

Net start Windows Internet Name Service

Net start Workstation

Net statistics

Net stop

Net time

Net use

Net user

Net view

Netsh

Netstat

Nlsfunc

Nslookup

Nslookup subcommands

Ntcmdprompt

 

P

PathPing

Pax

Pentnt

Ping

Popd

Portuas

Protshell

Pushd

 

R

Rcp

Rexec

Route

Rsh

Runas

S

Share

Shell

Start

Switches

T

Tcmsetup

Tftp

Tracert